The International Amateur Radio Union (IARU) is a federation of national associations of certified radio amateurs, representing over 150 countries and separate territories around the world.

The three IARU Regions are organised to broadly mirror the structure of the International Telecommunications Union (ITU) and its related regional telecommunications organisations. The Regions comprise:
- IARU Region 1: Europe, Africa, the Middle East and Northern Asia
- IARU Region 2: The Americas
- IARU Region 3: Asia-Pacific

The IARU represents the interests of the Amateur Radio Service worldwide to relevant international organisations, promoting the interests of amateur radio and seeking to protect and enhance its spectrum privileges.

license class overview

CEPT countries

Country HAREC CEPT Novice Entry level source update
Albania CEPT     T/R 61-02  
Austria Klasse 1 Klasse 4 Klasse 3 T/R 61-02 and ECC REC (05)06, OeVSV 09Oct17
Belgium A for ON2 (pre 2005) Basic BIPT 09Oct17
Bosnia and Herzegovina ? CEPT2   ECC RECOMMENDATION (05)06  
Bulgaria Class 1, Class 2     T/R 61-02 and BFRA 24May12
Croatia A P - T/R 61-02, ECC REC (05)06, HRS 25May12
Cyprus RA Auth     T/R 61-02  
Czech Rep A N - T/R 61-02 and ECC REC (05)06 24May12
Denmark A B D T/R 61-02, ECC REC (05)06, EDR 18Jun12
Estonia A,B - D ERAU 25May12
Finland Y,P - - ECC REC (05)06 24May12
France just one class - -   08May12
FYR of Macedonia A     T/R 61-02  
Germany A E - T/R 61-02 and ECC REC (05)06 24May12
Greece CEPT - Entry level T/R 61-02 and RAAG 27May12
Hungary CEPT CEPT Novice Entry Level
with age limitations
T/R 61-02 and ECC REC (05)06 24May12
Iceland G N Apprentice lic T/R 61-02 and ECC REC (05)06 02Jun12
Ireland CEPT class
optional 5 wpm CW
- - IRTS 24May12
Italy A     T/R 61-02  
Latvia A     T/R 61-02  
Liechtenstein 1,2,CEPT 3   ECC REC (05)06  
Lithuania A - B ECC REC (05)06 and LRMD 29May12
Luxembourg CEPT CEPT Novice   T/R 61-02 and ECC REC (05)06  
Malta A=full
B no CW
- - T/R 61-02 and MARL 26May12
Monaco class 1, class 2 to be combined - - T/R 61-02 and ARM 24May12
Montenegro A,N     T/R 61-02  
Netherlands F N - Agentschap Telecom 24May12
Norway A just one class - - NRRL 24May12
Poland Class 1 Class 3 - PZK 25May12
Portugal 1 2 3 (mentored) T/R 61-02, ECC REC (05)06 and REP 25May12
Romania I,II III   T/R 61-02 and ECC REC (05)06  
Russian Fed 1,2 3   ECC REC (05)06 and SRR 25May12
Serbia 1     T/R 61-02  
Slovakia E N   T/R 61-02 and ECC REC (05)06  
Slovenia A N   T/R 61-02, ECC REC (05)06 and ZRS 28May12
Spain just one class - - URE 28May12
Sweden just one class - - SSA 24May12
Switzerland 1,2,CEPT N   ECC REC (05)06  
Turkey B     T/R 61-02  
UK Full Intermediate* Foundation T/R 61-02  

* no equivalence with CEPT Novice

CEPT = CEPT class licence (HAREC)

CEPT Novice = ECC/REC 05-06

Entry level = below CEPT Novice

Countries outside CEPT

country classes source updated
Algeria 1 ARA 2005
Belarus A class=equivalent to HAREC
2 other classes > CEPT Novice
BFRR 24May12
Egypt 4 NTRA 2005
Iraq 1 IARS 05Jun12
Kazakhstan 4 classes, including beginners class KFRR 27May12
Kenia Full=equivalent to IARE
ARSK 24May12
Kuwait 1   2005
Morocco 1   2005
Namibia A=HAREC (proposed)
B=CEPT Novice (proposed)
NARL 24May12
Nigeria 2 classes (all band and VHF/UHF only) NARS 24May12
Oman 1 ROARS 01Jun12
San Marino A full licence
B VHF and up
ARRSM 25May12
South Africa A Full=HAREC
B Novice with age limitations
SARL 24May12
Syria 1   2005

General Class
Novice Class

TARC 25May12
Tunisia club licence   2005