About IARU R1

The International Amateur Radio Union (IARU) is a federation of national associations of certified radio amateurs, representing over 150 countries and separate territories around the world.

How is IARU organised?

The three IARU Regions are organised to broadly mirror the structure of the International Telecommunications Union (ITU) and its related regional telecommunications organisations. The Regions comprise:

  • IARU Region 1: Europe, Africa, the Middle East and Northern Asia
  • IARU Region 2: The Americas
  • IARU Region 3: Asia-Pacific

What has IARU done for radio amateurs?

The IARU represents the interests of the Amateur Radio Service worldwide to relevant international organisations, promoting the interests of amateur radio and seeking to protect and enhance its spectrum privileges.
Over the years, the IARU has worked hard to give all radio amateurs new bands as well as access to new regional allocations on - 136 kHz; 475 kHz; 5 MHz; 10 MHz; 18 MHz; 24 MHz; 50 MHz and 70 MHz
In addition to that, the IARU has obtained:

  • The Region 1 extension of the 7 MHz amateur band.
  • A world-wide 5 MHz allocation.
  • Extensive improvements in international roaming for radio amateurs.
  • Significant progress towards international certificate harmonisation at "full" level and now at entry level.
  • Extensive representation in the Working Parties of ITU and at WRC.
  • Sensible emission standards from PLT systems, involving much work in the international standards forums.
  • Support for the development of amateur radio in developing countries.
  • Greater involvement, through lobbying, in the EU political process, where matters of relevance to amateur radio are being discussed.

What are the current IARU Region 1 objectives?

  • Promotion of spectrum requirements.
    The spectrum requirements of the amateur services are published on the IARU web site,
    • Particular emphasis on regaining 300 kHz of spectrum worldwide at 7 MHz.
    • To get a harmonised 1,8 MHz allocation in all three Regions.
    • To get a harmonised 50 MHz allocation in all three Regions.
    • To get a common harmonised 3,4 GHz allocation in all three Regions.
  • To strengthen the youth activities and to establish Youth Committees in all member societies.
  • To strengthen the cooperation with relevant bodies within the EU and other International organisations.
  • To strengthen the cooperation, involvement and mutual understanding between the IARU and its Member Societies.
  • Development of the amateur services
    The IARU continues working with developing countries to promote growth of the amateur services and a supportive regulatory environment. To help this, IARU runs amateur radio leadership courses for developing national societies, and amateur radio administration courses for national administrations. Region 1 is also actively seeking ways of encouraging more newcomers to become radio amateurs.
  • Improving the range of Web-based information provision on IARU matters
  • To make IARU more accessible to member societies and radio amateurs in general.

What are the other activities of IARU Region 1 to support and develop amateur radio?

  • The IARU organises and promotes a number of contests on HF, VHF, UHF, SHF and above.
  • The IARU organises Amateur Radio Direction Finding (ARDF) championships, which have proved to be a good way of drawing young people into amateur radio.
  • The IARU runs High Speed Telegraphy championships.
  • The IARU organises training programs for national authorities in amateur radio administration.
  • The IARU develops and promotes the consensus views of national member societies on such issues as band plans, optimum amateur spectrum usage, standards for repeaters and amateur qualifications.
  • The IARU plays an active role in the standards-setting forums for such matters as EMC.
  • The IARU also promotes and sponsors the growth of amateur radio in African countries, sponsors a number of beacons for propagation research, organises a monitoring service to guard amateur bands against unauthorized intruders and is active in ensuring that amateur radio’s value for communication at times of national emergencies is both recognized and utilized.

How is the IARU recognised internationally?

The IARU is recognised by the United Nations as a Non-Governmental Organisation (NGO) by virtue of its consultative status with other United Nations bodies, i.e. the ITU. The ITU recognises the IARU as an international organisation (CV/Art.19, No. 230).

How does the IARU interact with the ITU and other international bodies?

IARU seeks to work collaboratively with organisations which influence spectrum allocations and with others where the objectives of amateur radio align.

The IARU is recognised by the United Nations as a Non-Governmental Organisation (NGO) by virtue of its consultative status with other United Nations bodies, i.e. International Telecommunication Union (ITU). The ITU recognises the IARU as an international organisation (CV/Art.19, No. 230).

IARU has worked with the ITU for nearly a century and is a Sector Member of the Radiocommunication Sector (ITU-R), playing a full part in the work of ITU-R as it affects amateur radio spectrum, and also of the Development Sector (ITU-D), relating to developing countries and emergency communication.

In 1947 the IARU was one of the first international organizations to enter into a formal agreement with the United Nations Organization for support and cooperation. Today the IARU is in consultative status with ECOSOC.

Since then, IARU has developed close working relationships with the Regional Telecommunications Organisations (in most cases through a formal MoU):

African Telecommunications Union (ATU)
Arab Spectrum Management Group (ASMG)
Asia-Pacific Telecommunity (APT)
Caribbean Telecommunications Union (CTU)
Conference of European Postal and Telecommunications Administrations (CEPT)
Inter-American Telecommunication Commission (CITEL)
Regional Commonwealth in the field of Communications (RCC)

In EMC, IARU is a Liaison partner of CISPR, the International Special Committee on Radio Interference, which defines global EMC standards affecting radio communications, and also a full member of ETSI, the European Telecommunications Standardisation Institute. IARU contributes to, and is actively involved in, meetings of both organisations.

Other international organisations with which IARU is associated include the IFRC (International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies) with whom we have a formal MoU.

How is the IARU organisation structured and how are its officers appointed?

Worldwide the Administrative Council (AC) leads the IARU. Representatives of each Region propose candidates for President and Vice-President of the IARU, whose term of office is five years.

The officers for the Region 1 Executive Committee (EC) are appointed for a three-year period through a vote of Member Society representatives at the triennial General Conference.

Region 1 has a number of Committees and coordinators performing a variety of tasks:

  • C 1: Steering Committee
  • C 2: Credentials and Finance Committee
  • C 3: General Administrative and Organisational Committee (G3BJ)
  • C 4: Permanent HF Committee (DF5JL)
  • C 5: Permanent VHF/UHF and Microwaves Committee (ON4AVJ)
  • C 6: Election and Ballot Committee
  • C 7: Permanent EMC Committee (LA9QL)

Committees C1, C2 and C6 are established only during conferences. During Conferences, an additional number of temporary committees and working groups are established in order to perform various tasks during the conference.
The Conference also appoints various Working Groups and Coordinators to handle business between Conferences.

  • Youth working group (PA2LS)
  • Amateur Radio Direction Finding - ARDF (OK2BWN)
  • Amateur Radio Space Exploration Group – ARSPEX (ON6TI)
  • Emergency Communications (G0DUB)
  • Political Relations (EI8BP)
  • High Speed Telegraphy – HST (LZ1PJ)
  • Support To the Amateur Radio Service - STARS (OD5RI)
  • International Programme for Handicapped Amateurs - IPHA (HB9FXU)
  • IARU Monitoring System - IARUMS (DK2OM)
  • Amateur Radio Observation Service - AROS (G0MGX)
  • Spectrum and Regulatory Affairs Committee - SARLC (EI3IO)
  • Regulatory Affairs (HB9MQM)

All officers of the IARU Region 1, are volunteers and unpaid.



Operating Abroad

Using your amateur licence in other countries on a temporary basis

CEPT ECC Recommendation T/R 61-01

The 1985 initiative by the European Regional Telecommunications Organisation CEPT, which resulted in CEPT ECC Recommendation T/R 61-01 has made it possible for radio amateurs from CEPT countries to operate during short visits in other CEPT countries without obtaining an individual temporary licence from the visited CEPT country. The Recommendation was revised in 1992 to make it possible for non-CEPT countries to also participate in this licensing scheme. 

In practice, a visitor has to:

  • Check that his national licence class qualifies as a CEPT Licence and that his national licence document confirms this. If not, then confirmation that the licence held is equivalent to the CEPT licence is needed from his national licensing authority.
  • Check what national licence class in the country to be visited is equivalent to the CEPT Licence.
  • Check what are the operating privileges and regulations covering the use of that national licence class in the country to be visited and use the appropriate prefix which has to be appended before his own national call-sign.
  • The key point is that the operating privileges for the visitor operating under the CEPT Licence are defined by the COUNTRY BEING VISITED, NOT THE PRIVILEGES IN HIS OWN COUNTRY.

CEPT ECC Recommendation T/R 61-01 was revised in October 2003 to reflect the outcome of the 2003 ITU World Radiocommunication Conference (WRC-03) concerning the revision of Article 25 of the ITU treaty status Radio Regulations. At WRC-03 the mandatory Morse code requirement for amateur operations below 30 MHz was removed. Consequentially the number of amateur licence classes in T/R 61-01 was reduced from two to one. Other changes to T/R 61-01 were the removal of an ambiguity concerning portable and mobile operation and the freedom to use any amateur station in the country visited, not just the visitor’s ‘own’ station.

As of December 2015, T/R 61-01 has been implemented by 42 CEPT administrations: Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, FYRO Macedonia, Moldova, Monaco, Montenegro, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russian Federation, Serbia, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, which also embraces the overseas or semi autonomous territories of Denmark, France, Greece, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Russian Federation, Spain plus the constituent parts of the United Kingdom as well as the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man.  

The following non-CEPT countries: Australia, Canada, Israel, New Zealand, South Africa, Netherlands Antilles, Peru and United States are also party to T/R 61-01. 

However the Netherlands Antilles  were dissolved on 10 October 2010, but the previous arrangements are still in place for Netherlands Overseas Territories in ITU Region 2 mentioned in T/R 61-01. 

The full text can be found at 

The Recommendation’s implementation status can be found at the ECO-website at implement_doc_adm.aspx 

Annex 2 contains the information on national licence equivalence There is also a summary table listing those countries which have implemented the T/R 61-01 In a similar manner, Annex 4 provides information on non-CEPT countries.


  1. Not all of the countries, which implemented previous versions of T/R 61-01, may have implemented a revised and current version. 
  2. Not all CEPT administrations have implemented any version of T/R 61-01.
  3. Any country can add extra conditions to T/R 61-01. Such conditions are shown as footnotes in T/R 61-01 Annex 2.
  4. The definitive website is that of ECO, referenced above.
  5. Please also note that special conditions often apply to overseas territories such as those of France. Local permission will often be required at such locations.
  6. T/R 61-01 bears no relation to the import and export of amateur radio equipment, which is subject only to relevant customs regulations.

ECC/REC 05-06 

Following the success of the CEPT Radio Amateur Licence detailed in CEPT Recommendation T/R 61-01 in 2005, a CEPT Novice Radio Amateur Licence was developed. The CEPT Novice Licence as it is usually known is detailed in CEPT ECC Recommendation 05-06 and has a lower standard than the CEPT Radio Amateur Licence. As the provisions of Recommendation T/R 61-01 allow non-CEPT administrations to join this licensing system a similar approach has been taken for the CEPT Novice Licence as described in Recommendation 05-06. The criteria for the corresponding CEPT Amateur Radio Novice examination are described in ERC Report 32. Many of the regulatory requirements mentioned above for T/R 61-01 equally apply to Recommendation 05-06. 

Licensees intending to operate abroad should therefore acquaint themselves with all the requirements including the notes for T/R 61-01above prior to taking their equipment to another country.

As of December 2015 Recommendation 05-05 has been implemented by 25 CEPT countries: Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark (including the Faeroe Islands and Greenland), Estonia, Finland*, Germany, Hungary, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Moldova, Montenegro, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russian Federation, Slovakia, Slovenia, Switzerland plus the USA.

* Finland has no national license class equivalent to the CEPT Novice Radio Amateur License, but accepts unilaterally visiting operators to use their CEPT Novice class license under certain conditions

The full text can be found at  

Status of implementation can be found at the ERO-website at 

Outside CEPT


CITEL is the Regional Telecommunications Organisation for the administrations of the Member States of the Organization of American States (OAS) in ITU Region 2, which are responsible for administering and licensing the Amateur Service and Amateur-Satellite Service. The Inter-American Convention on an International Amateur Radio Permit is a convention having treaty status that provides for temporary operation (up to 1 year) of amateur radio stations in one Member State of CITEL by persons holding IARP permits issued by another Member State without need for further review. Any CITEL Member State may issue permits to its citizens to operate in another Member State. This Convention does not alter or affect any multilateral or bilateral agreements that are already in force concerning temporary operation in the Amateur Service in CITEL Member States. The General Secretariat of the OAS is the depository for its instruments of ratification, acceptance, and accession.

For more information see the CITEL web site or the ARRL

Other Licensing Arrangements

There are also numerous bi-lateral agreements between administrations, which facilitate amateur operations, and licensing in other States. A separate external site by OH2MCN also has useful information. 

International roaming 

More and more countries allow foreign amateurs to operate during a temporary stay of less than three months. Visiting amateurs are encouraged to behave as a guest and to obey the rules applicable in the country they are visiting.

Moving Abroad

Using your amateur licence in other countries on a more permanent basis

T/R 61-02  

CEPT Recommendation T/R 61-02 was first approved in 1990. As a result CEPT administrations could issue a Harmonised Amateur Radio Examination Certificate (HAREC). The HAREC document shows proof of successfully passing an amateur radio examination which complies with the Examination Syllabus for the HAREC. It also facilitates the issuing of an individual licence to radio amateurs who stay in a country for a longer term than the ‘short stay’ mentioned in CEPT Recommendation T/R 61-01 as well as easing the issue of an individual licence to a radio amateur returning to his native country. In this case the showing of a HAREC certificate issued by a foreign Administration should facilitate the issue of a Home Licence. The Recommendation as revised in 1994 made it possible for non-CEPT countries to participate in the HAREC scheme. 

As of December 2015 T/R 61-02 has been implemented by 41 CEPT countries: Albania, Andorra, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark (including Faroe islands and Greenland although Morse code is still required there), Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, FYRO Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Monaco, Montenegro, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russian Federation, Serbia, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine and United Kingdom as well as the following 6 non-CEPT countries: Australia, Curacao, Hong Kong, Israel, Japan and New Zealand

The full text can be found at  

Status of implementation can be found at the ERO-website at implement_doc_adm.aspx  

Questions and Answers

Q: I am an entry-level licence holder. Can I operate abroad?

A: If you have an entry-level licence like the UK foundation licence or the Belgian base licence, you CANNOT operate from another country. However, former Belgian ON2 stations with a CEPT Novice marking on their licence have the same privileges as a novice licence holder.

Q: I am a novice licence holder. Can I operate abroad?

A: If you have a novice licence issued by an administration mentioned under ECC/REC 05-06 (The CEPT Novice Licence) above, you can operate from any of those countries.

Q: If I operate from another country, do I obey the rules of my own country or the rules of the country I am visiting?

A: Always obey the rules of the country you are visiting. It is the same in traffic: When in Germany you drive on the right hand side of the road, when in UK on the left hand side of the road.

Q: I am a CEPT class license holder, but never passed a CW test. In my home country, I can operate on HF. Can I do the same from another country?

A: If the country you are visiting has adopted the 2003 version of T/R 61-01 and does not specifically ask for Morse proficiency you can operate on HF. If the previous version of T/R 61-01 applies in the country you are visiting, you can only operate above 30 MHz.


Whilst every effort was made to ensure that the information given herein is accurate, no responsibility is accepted by IARU Region 1, or the author(s) for any errors, omissions or misleading statements in that information by negligence or otherwise, and no responsibility is accepted in regard to any subsequent action based on this note. Any issues with regard to the accuracy of this information should be notified to Dennis Green, ZS4BS - IARU Region 1 Secretary.

General Conferences

This page carries reference material about the past IARU Region 1 Conferences and information about the next Conference.

Every three years, IARU Region 1 holds its General Conference. Use the links below to access the reports from past conferences.


Year City Country  
Report C3 Papers C4 Papers C5 Papers C7 Papers
1950 Paris France          
1953 Lausanne Switzerland          
1956 Stresa Italy          
1958 Bad Godesberg Germany          
1960 Folkestone United Kingdom          
1963 Malmö Sweden Final Plenary        
1966 Opatija Yugoslavija Final Plenary        
1969 Brussels Belgium Final Plenary        
1972 Scheveningen Netherlands Final Plenary         
1975 Warsaw Poland Conference Report        
1978 Miskolc-Tapolca Hungary Conference Report        
1981 Brighton United Kingdom Final Plenary        
1984 Cefalù Italy Final Plenary        
1987 Noordwijkerhout Netherlands Final Plenary        
1990 Torremolinos Spain Final Plenary        
1993 De Haan Belgium Final Plenary        
1996 Tel Aviv Israel Final Plenary        
1999 Lillehammer Norway Final Plenary        
2002 San Marino San Marino Final Plenary        
2005 Davos Switzerland Final Plenary

C3 part 1

C3 part 2

C4 Zipped

C4 Minutes

C5 Zipped N/A
2008 Cavtat Croatia Final Plenary

C3 part 1

C3 part 2

C4 Zipped


C5 Zipped  N/A
2011 Sun City South Africa Final Plenary  C3 Zipped

C4 Zipped


C5 Zipped  N/A
2014 Albena Bulgaria Conference Report

C3 part 1

C3 part 2

C4 Zipped


C5 Zipped  N/A
2017 Landshut Germany

Conference Report

C3 Part 1

C3 Part 2

C3 Part 3

C4 Papers

C5 Part 1

C5 Part 2

C5 Part 3

C7 Papers
2020 Novi Sad Serbia